Mr S.C.J.W. van Musschenbroek
Born 5 May 1827 The Hague, Died 7 November 1883 Leiden

Studied law in Leiden, moved in 1855 to the Dutch Indies. Was appointed as resident of Ternate en Menado. Gaines more fame as biologist and researcher than as a civil servant. In 1876 he returned to the Netherlands where he first lived in Deventer and later in 1879 moved to Leiden. He was appointed as the first director of the Museum der Koloniale Vereniging (Colonial Museum). He died shortly after his appointment. He is regarded as an expert of large parts of the Dutch Indies, as is shown in his maps of Minahassa and the Northern parts of the Molukken. The neopisitacus Musschenbroekii is named after him.

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Neopsittacus Musschenbroekii
The Musschenbroeks Lori (Neopsittacus musschenbroekii) is quite a rare bird in aviculture. Only since 1978 have these lories been imported to Europe in large amounts. It’s a 25cm long bird with predominantly green back plumage. A small black band reaches from the forehead, via the eyes to the neck. It has green feathers on its occiput, but at the nape the shafts of these feathers are a gold-like colour with brown edges, which gives it a beautiful effect. The feathers surrounding the bill are bright yellow, gradually changing into yellow-green, until they become green. The throat is bright green and the chest is bright red over the full width. This red reaches, like a wide band, from the breast to the cloaca area. The edges are very irregular and are different between the two sexes. The green on the female’s flanks is significantly paler and more yellowish of color. The inside of the tail is, when it is closed, bright yellow and red with yellow stripes when opened. The under tail coverts are yellow and red, the upper tail coverts olive-like greyish-green. The legs are grey and the male’s bill is orange-yellow, the female’s bill is yellow-orange. The Musschenbroek’s Lori originally inhabits the area surrounding the central mountain range, also called the ‘area of eternal snow’. It’s therefor well adapted to the cold. They live in small groups on nectar, blossom, fruits including various berries and seeds from the beech-woods. Like all lories they sometimes eat insects or larva.